Treatments and services

 

Cataract

A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye and is mostly caused due to ageing of the eye, family history, diabetes, injuries, medications, unprotected exposure to sunlight, etc.

Thousands of patients experiencing blurred vision, glare, light sensitivity, poor night vision, fading colors have been operated by Dr Ajay. By performing a thorough eye examination using international technologies, exact problem is identified. This examination also rules out any other conditions that may be causing blurred vision. If you are suffering from any of the cataract symptoms, please visit our hospital immediately, who will tell you about the right treatment for you and how much visual improvement is likely after the surgery. The surgeon will conduct visual acuity test, pupil dilation, glare testing, vision testing, fundus examination, biometry, and tonometry test to learn about the structure and health of your eye.

 

 

Cataract treatments offered

In most cases cataract surgery is the only option for successful treatment of cataract. Cataract surgery is usually performed under local anesthesia or topical anesthesia drops, and the cloudy lens is removed from the eye. Typically, the focusing power of the natural lens is restored by replacing it with permanent intraocular lens implant. We perform this delicate surgery using advanced operating microscope, miniature instruments and other modern technology.

 

Phacoemulsification Surgery for Cataract

The ophthalmologist makes a small incision on the side of the cornea. Then, the ophthalmologist inserts a tiny probe into the eye. The probe uses safe ultrasound waves that soften and break up the cloudy center of the lens so it can be removed by suction. The back half of the lens capsule is delicately retained to act as a support to the intraocular lens (IOL).

Modern foldable lens implants can fit through incisions this small, and sutures are not required. The cataract surgeries performed at Drishti Nethralaya are suture-less and painless. Complete post-op care and treatment is done by the ophthalmologists.

 

LASIK

Are you tired of wearing spectacles all the time? Are glasses affecting your productivity at work? LASIK (Laser in situ keratomileusis) treatment may reduce your dependency on glasses or contact lenses, and in most cases allow you to do without them entirely. If you are over 18 years of age, not pregnant or nursing, and free from other eye diseases, your spectacle power has not changed for the past one year, and you have the refractive error within the correction range for LASIK, then you are an ideal candidate for this treatment.

 

Eye examination by LASIK experts

We at Drishti Nethralaya will first examine your eyes thoroughly to determine the feasibility of LASIK treatment. Our specialist will measure your prescription and check for all important parameters for the LASIK procedure. This includes checking for eye dryness, pupil size, or other eye diseases. The doctor will guide you about the treatment, the chances of cure, and the potential risks and complications.

 

LASIK procedure

The LASIK procedure is performed with topical anaesthetic drops into the eye after which an instrument called the microkeratome is applied to the eye. This instrument creates a very thin corneal flap and this flap is lifted after which the laser treatment is applied to the cornea to reshape it. After the laser treatment is over the flap is repositioned and once the flap is repositioned it usually sticks on to its place without the need of any sutures. The patient is comfortable immediately after the treatment. The patient progressively starts seeing much better without glasses and the following day the patient has excellent vision in the treated eye.

 

Squint

Squint is the condition when the both eyes point in different direction. Squint could be hereditary, or caused due to severe illness at the time of birth. Poor vision in one eye can stop the brain to use that eye properly, thereby causing horizontal or vertical misalignment.

Squint should be treated at an early age as delay can affect the vision permanently. Some people can experience double vision due to squints. Another condition commonly known as lazy eye or amblyopia is also caused in a squinting eye.

 

Drishti Nethralaya’s specialization in treating squint

We have squint specialists and pediatric ophthalmologists who diagnose the patients thoroughly and prescribe glasses, exercises, patching or surgery. Dr Ajay has conducted hundreds of squint surgeries and amblyopia treatments in his professional career. It is a same day surgery for vertical and horizontal muscle correction in pediatric and adult patients with strabismus (crossed eye) and amblyopia (lazy eye). The procedure is extremely reliable and gives remarkable results.

 

Glaucoma

Do you experience blind spots in your eye, headaches, halos around lights, blurred vision? By getting your eyes examined through specialists you can identify glaucoma early and get it treated before it leads to irreparable optic nerve damage and blindness.

 

Treating glaucoma before it causes permanent damage

Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve – the part of the eye that carries the images we see to the brain. When the optic never is damaged blind spots start appearing, which often go unnoticed, until the nerve is significantly damaged. If left untreated, glaucoma could lead to total blindness.

 

Glaucoma examination at Drishti Nethralaya

A complete eye examination is necessary to detect glaucoma. We examine the patients’ eyes thoroughly and conduct tonometry to measure intraocular pressure; gonioscopy to inspect the drainage angle of the eye; opthalmoscopy to evaluate optic nerve damage; and perimetry to test the visual field. All these tests are done regularly for a patient undergoing treatment to monitor improvement.

 

Types of glaucoma treated

One of the major causes of glaucoma is increasing pressure on the optic nerve that causes its damage. Chronic open-angle glaucoma is the most common form where the drainage angle of the eye becomes less efficient over time, thereby increasing pressure and causing damage. Closed-angle glaucoma happens when the iris is too close to the drainage angle leading to blockage and increase in eye-pressure. This type of glaucoma should be treated immediately.

 

Glaucoma treatments

After a thorough examination of your eyes, we will prescribe a solution that could be a mix of eye drops, oral medication, and laser surgery. In most cases eye drops can help in significant improvement; while in some cases surgery is required to prevent further damage to the eye.

 

Cornea

The cornea is the transparent tissue that covers the front of the eye and it is as smooth and clear as a glass. The cornea is responsible for refracting the light rays entering the eyes and focusing them on the retina. Any disease, infection, or structural problem in the cornea can lead to blurring of vision, watering, and other related problems. Being a critical part of the eye, treatment of corneal diseases requires specialists who are experienced in diagnosing and suggesting the right solution.

 

Corneal treatments offered

As part of its basic mission to add light into life, we at Drishti Nethralaya deliver a host of high-value services to tackle corneal or external ocular diseases, apart from corneal transplants; the hospital undertakes diagnosis and treatment of corneal dystrophies, keratoconus, scars and congenital corneal problems.

The common corneal problems cured include microbial infections (keratitis), kerato conjunctivitis, viral infection or ocular herpes, etc. The corneal conditions treated by our specialists include keratoconus (cone shaped cornea), lattice dystrophy, map-dot-fingerprint dystrophy, Fuch’s dystrophy, etc. Our doctors have specialization in contact lens fitting and corneal surgery for keratoconus treatment.

 

Pediatric ophthalmology

Small children are unable to tell their problems and are usually impatient with the treatment requirements; this requires expertise of pediatric ophthalmologists. Special equipment and treatment methods are used to cure children suffering from eye problems.. Our doctors prescribe a mix of eye drops, exercises, patching, glasses, and surgery to treat pediatric eye problems in the most effective way.

 

Common pediatric eye diseases

Congenital eye diseases: These include congenital cataract, Ptosis or drooping of eye lids, congenital nasolacrimal duct blockage (or NLD blockage) which results in watering of eyes. Newborns and younger infants commonly have some matting in their eyes and may have a lot of tearing; this could be because of blocked tear duct.

Amblyopia or lazy eye: This condition happens when visual function of one eye is underdeveloped. This could be successfully treated in early childhood as complications increase with age. It is difficult to identify a child suffering from amblyopia unless there is obvious misalignment. A thorough examination done by a specialist can help in analyzing this problem.

Pediatric strabismus or squint: This condition can be identified when your child’s eyes point in different directions. If it is not treated on time, it could lead to double vision, eye strain, discomfort and headache. Minor cases can be treated through patching and glasses. Again, this problem is best treated in early childhood.

Refractive errors: Children with weak vision are treated through eye exercises, glasses, and eye drops.

Other types of diseases cured include retinopathy of prematurity, retinoblastoma, pediatric glaucoma, pediatric cataract, etc.

 

Retina

Retina is the back area of the eye where images are captured and sent to the brain, just like a photographic film. Retinal diseases occur when the retina, macula or fovea are affected. Diagnosing retinal diseases is complex process and should be conducted by ophthalmologists with specialization in retinal treatments.

 

Common retinal diseases treated

Diabetic retinopathy: poor vision or loss of eye sight could be caused by diabetes. Blood vessels that nourish the retina get damaged due to pressure. Early detection of this disease can help the patients suffering from diabetes.

Hypertensive retinopathy: usually found in people suffering from hypertension. The cause of hypertension has to be treated along with the eye.

Retinal detachment: this happens when the retina detaches itself from the layer of blood vessels behind it. This condition has to be treated immediately as permanent vision loss can happen.

Macular degeneration: usually related to ageing process. This condition happens when the tissue in the macula degenerates, affecting the central vision. The damage caused cannot be reversed but can be treated effectively if identified early.

Vitreous hemorrhage: it is a condition of intraocular bleeding from retinal vessels leading to sudden vision loss. It should be treated as soon as it is diagnosed.